RapidIO Subsystem Guide

Author

Matt Porter

Introduction

RapidIO is a high speed switched fabric interconnect with features aimed at the embedded market. RapidIO provides support for memory-mapped I/O as well as message-based transactions over the switched fabric network. RapidIO has a standardized discovery mechanism not unlike the PCI bus standard that allows simple detection of devices in a network.

This documentation is provided for developers intending to support RapidIO on new architectures, write new drivers, or to understand the subsystem internals.

Known Bugs and Limitations

Bugs

None. ;)

Limitations

  1. Access/management of RapidIO memory regions is not supported

  2. Multiple host enumeration is not supported

RapidIO driver interface

Drivers are provided a set of calls in order to interface with the subsystem to gather info on devices, request/map memory region resources, and manage mailboxes/doorbells.

Functions

int rio_local_read_config_32(struct rio_mport *port, u32 offset, u32 *data)

Read 32 bits from local configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port

u32 offset

Offset into local configuration space

u32 * data

Pointer to read data into

Description

Reads 32 bits of data from the specified offset within the local device’s configuration space.

int rio_local_write_config_32(struct rio_mport *port, u32 offset, u32 data)

Write 32 bits to local configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port

u32 offset

Offset into local configuration space

u32 data

Data to be written

Description

Writes 32 bits of data to the specified offset within the local device’s configuration space.

int rio_local_read_config_16(struct rio_mport *port, u32 offset, u16 *data)

Read 16 bits from local configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port

u32 offset

Offset into local configuration space

u16 * data

Pointer to read data into

Description

Reads 16 bits of data from the specified offset within the local device’s configuration space.

int rio_local_write_config_16(struct rio_mport *port, u32 offset, u16 data)

Write 16 bits to local configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port

u32 offset

Offset into local configuration space

u16 data

Data to be written

Description

Writes 16 bits of data to the specified offset within the local device’s configuration space.

int rio_local_read_config_8(struct rio_mport *port, u32 offset, u8 *data)

Read 8 bits from local configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port

u32 offset

Offset into local configuration space

u8 * data

Pointer to read data into

Description

Reads 8 bits of data from the specified offset within the local device’s configuration space.

int rio_local_write_config_8(struct rio_mport *port, u32 offset, u8 data)

Write 8 bits to local configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port

u32 offset

Offset into local configuration space

u8 data

Data to be written

Description

Writes 8 bits of data to the specified offset within the local device’s configuration space.

int rio_read_config_32(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 offset, u32 *data)

Read 32 bits from configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u32 offset

Offset into device configuration space

u32 * data

Pointer to read data into

Description

Reads 32 bits of data from the specified offset within the RIO device’s configuration space.

int rio_write_config_32(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 offset, u32 data)

Write 32 bits to configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u32 offset

Offset into device configuration space

u32 data

Data to be written

Description

Writes 32 bits of data to the specified offset within the RIO device’s configuration space.

int rio_read_config_16(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 offset, u16 *data)

Read 16 bits from configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u32 offset

Offset into device configuration space

u16 * data

Pointer to read data into

Description

Reads 16 bits of data from the specified offset within the RIO device’s configuration space.

int rio_write_config_16(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 offset, u16 data)

Write 16 bits to configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u32 offset

Offset into device configuration space

u16 data

Data to be written

Description

Writes 16 bits of data to the specified offset within the RIO device’s configuration space.

int rio_read_config_8(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 offset, u8 *data)

Read 8 bits from configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u32 offset

Offset into device configuration space

u8 * data

Pointer to read data into

Description

Reads 8 bits of data from the specified offset within the RIO device’s configuration space.

int rio_write_config_8(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 offset, u8 data)

Write 8 bits to configuration space

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u32 offset

Offset into device configuration space

u8 data

Data to be written

Description

Writes 8 bits of data to the specified offset within the RIO device’s configuration space.

int rio_send_doorbell(struct rio_dev *rdev, u16 data)

Send a doorbell message to a device

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u16 data

Doorbell message data

Description

Send a doorbell message to a RIO device. The doorbell message has a 16-bit info field provided by the data argument.

void rio_init_mbox_res(struct resource *res, int start, int end)

Initialize a RIO mailbox resource

Parameters

struct resource * res

resource struct

int start

start of mailbox range

int end

end of mailbox range

Description

This function is used to initialize the fields of a resource for use as a mailbox resource. It initializes a range of mailboxes using the start and end arguments.

void rio_init_dbell_res(struct resource *res, u16 start, u16 end)

Initialize a RIO doorbell resource

Parameters

struct resource * res

resource struct

u16 start

start of doorbell range

u16 end

end of doorbell range

Description

This function is used to initialize the fields of a resource for use as a doorbell resource. It initializes a range of doorbell messages using the start and end arguments.

RIO_DEVICE ( dev, ven)

macro used to describe a specific RIO device

Parameters

dev

the 16 bit RIO device ID

ven

the 16 bit RIO vendor ID

Description

This macro is used to create a struct rio_device_id that matches a specific device. The assembly vendor and assembly device fields will be set to RIO_ANY_ID.

int rio_add_outb_message(struct rio_mport *mport, struct rio_dev *rdev, int mbox, void *buffer, size_t len)

Add RIO message to an outbound mailbox queue

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port containing the outbound queue

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device the message is be sent to

int mbox

The outbound mailbox queue

void * buffer

Pointer to the message buffer

size_t len

Length of the message buffer

Description

Adds a RIO message buffer to an outbound mailbox queue for transmission. Returns 0 on success.

int rio_add_inb_buffer(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox, void *buffer)

Add buffer to an inbound mailbox queue

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port containing the inbound mailbox

int mbox

The inbound mailbox number

void * buffer

Pointer to the message buffer

Description

Adds a buffer to an inbound mailbox queue for reception. Returns 0 on success.

void *rio_get_inb_message(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox)

Get A RIO message from an inbound mailbox queue

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port containing the inbound mailbox

int mbox

The inbound mailbox number

Description

Get a RIO message from an inbound mailbox queue. Returns 0 on success.

const char *rio_name(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Get the unique RIO device identifier

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

Description

Get the unique RIO device identifier. Returns the device identifier string.

void *rio_get_drvdata(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Get RIO driver specific data

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

Description

Get RIO driver specific data. Returns a pointer to the driver specific data.

void rio_set_drvdata(struct rio_dev *rdev, void *data)

Set RIO driver specific data

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

void * data

Pointer to driver specific data

Description

Set RIO driver specific data. device struct driver data pointer is set to the data argument.

struct rio_dev *rio_dev_get(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Increments the reference count of the RIO device structure

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device being referenced

Description

Each live reference to a device should be refcounted.

Drivers for RIO devices should normally record such references in their probe() methods, when they bind to a device, and release them by calling rio_dev_put(), in their disconnect() methods.

void rio_dev_put(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Release a use of the RIO device structure

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device being disconnected

Description

Must be called when a user of a device is finished with it. When the last user of the device calls this function, the memory of the device is freed.

int rio_register_driver(struct rio_driver *rdrv)

register a new RIO driver

Parameters

struct rio_driver * rdrv

the RIO driver structure to register

Adds a struct rio_driver to the list of registered drivers. Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0. If no error occurred, the driver remains registered even if no device was claimed during registration.

void rio_unregister_driver(struct rio_driver *rdrv)

unregister a RIO driver

Parameters

struct rio_driver * rdrv

the RIO driver structure to unregister

Deletes the struct rio_driver from the list of registered RIO drivers, gives it a chance to clean up by calling its remove() function for each device it was responsible for, and marks those devices as driverless.

u16 rio_local_get_device_id(struct rio_mport *port)

Get the base/extended device id for a port

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

RIO master port from which to get the deviceid

Description

Reads the base/extended device id from the local device implementing the master port. Returns the 8/16-bit device id.

int rio_query_mport(struct rio_mport *port, struct rio_mport_attr *mport_attr)

Query mport device attributes

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

mport device to query

struct rio_mport_attr * mport_attr

mport attributes data structure

Description

Returns attributes of specified mport through the pointer to attributes data structure.

struct rio_net *rio_alloc_net(struct rio_mport *mport)

Allocate and initialize a new RIO network data structure

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port associated with the RIO network

Description

Allocates a RIO network structure, initializes per-network list heads, and adds the associated master port to the network list of associated master ports. Returns a RIO network pointer on success or NULL on failure.

void rio_local_set_device_id(struct rio_mport *port, u16 did)

Set the base/extended device id for a port

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

RIO master port

u16 did

Device ID value to be written

Description

Writes the base/extended device id from a device.

int rio_add_device(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Adds a RIO device to the device model

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

Description

Adds the RIO device to the global device list and adds the RIO device to the RIO device list. Creates the generic sysfs nodes for an RIO device.

int rio_request_inb_mbox(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int entries, void (*minb)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int slot))

request inbound mailbox service

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port from which to allocate the mailbox resource

void * dev_id

Device specific pointer to pass on event

int mbox

Mailbox number to claim

int entries

Number of entries in inbound mailbox queue

void (*) (struct rio_mport * mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int slot) minb

Callback to execute when inbound message is received

Description

Requests ownership of an inbound mailbox resource and binds a callback function to the resource. Returns 0 on success.

int rio_release_inb_mbox(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox)

release inbound mailbox message service

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port from which to release the mailbox resource

int mbox

Mailbox number to release

Description

Releases ownership of an inbound mailbox resource. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_request_outb_mbox(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int entries, void (*moutb)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int slot))

request outbound mailbox service

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port from which to allocate the mailbox resource

void * dev_id

Device specific pointer to pass on event

int mbox

Mailbox number to claim

int entries

Number of entries in outbound mailbox queue

void (*) (struct rio_mport * mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int slot) moutb

Callback to execute when outbound message is sent

Description

Requests ownership of an outbound mailbox resource and binds a callback function to the resource. Returns 0 on success.

int rio_release_outb_mbox(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox)

release outbound mailbox message service

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port from which to release the mailbox resource

int mbox

Mailbox number to release

Description

Releases ownership of an inbound mailbox resource. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_request_inb_dbell(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, u16 start, u16 end, void (*dinb)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, u16 src, u16 dst, u16 info))

request inbound doorbell message service

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port from which to allocate the doorbell resource

void * dev_id

Device specific pointer to pass on event

u16 start

Doorbell info range start

u16 end

Doorbell info range end

void (*) (struct rio_mport * mport, void *dev_id, u16 src, u16 dst, u16 info) dinb

Callback to execute when doorbell is received

Description

Requests ownership of an inbound doorbell resource and binds a callback function to the resource. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_release_inb_dbell(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 start, u16 end)

release inbound doorbell message service

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port from which to release the doorbell resource

u16 start

Doorbell info range start

u16 end

Doorbell info range end

Description

Releases ownership of an inbound doorbell resource and removes callback from the doorbell event list. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

struct resource *rio_request_outb_dbell(struct rio_dev *rdev, u16 start, u16 end)

request outbound doorbell message range

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device from which to allocate the doorbell resource

u16 start

Doorbell message range start

u16 end

Doorbell message range end

Description

Requests ownership of a doorbell message range. Returns a resource if the request has been satisfied or NULL on failure.

int rio_release_outb_dbell(struct rio_dev *rdev, struct resource *res)

release outbound doorbell message range

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device from which to release the doorbell resource

struct resource * res

Doorbell resource to be freed

Description

Releases ownership of a doorbell message range. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_add_mport_pw_handler(struct rio_mport *mport, void *context, int (*pwcback)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *context, union rio_pw_msg *msg, int step))

add port-write message handler into the list of mport specific pw handlers

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port to bind the portwrite callback

void * context

Handler specific context to pass on event

int (*)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *context, union rio_pw_msg *msg, int step) pwcback

Callback to execute when portwrite is received

Description

Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_del_mport_pw_handler(struct rio_mport *mport, void *context, int (*pwcback)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *context, union rio_pw_msg *msg, int step))

remove port-write message handler from the list of mport specific pw handlers

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port to bind the portwrite callback

void * context

Registered handler specific context to pass on event

int (*)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *context, union rio_pw_msg *msg, int step) pwcback

Registered callback function

Description

Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_request_inb_pwrite(struct rio_dev *rdev, int (*pwcback)(struct rio_dev *rdev, union rio_pw_msg *msg, int step))

request inbound port-write message service for specific RapidIO device

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device to which register inbound port-write callback routine

int (*)(struct rio_dev *rdev, union rio_pw_msg *msg, int step) pwcback

Callback routine to execute when port-write is received

Description

Binds a port-write callback function to the RapidIO device. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_release_inb_pwrite(struct rio_dev *rdev)

release inbound port-write message service associated with specific RapidIO device

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device which registered for inbound port-write callback

Description

Removes callback from the rio_dev structure. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

void rio_pw_enable(struct rio_mport *mport, int enable)

Enables/disables port-write handling by a master port

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port associated with port-write handling

int enable

1=enable, 0=disable

int rio_map_inb_region(struct rio_mport *mport, dma_addr_t local, u64 rbase, u32 size, u32 rflags)
  • Map inbound memory region.

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port.

dma_addr_t local

physical address of memory region to be mapped

u64 rbase

RIO base address assigned to this window

u32 size

Size of the memory region

u32 rflags

Flags for mapping.

Return

0 – Success.

Description

This function will create the mapping from RIO space to local memory.

void rio_unmap_inb_region(struct rio_mport *mport, dma_addr_t lstart)
  • Unmap the inbound memory region

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port

dma_addr_t lstart

physical address of memory region to be unmapped

int rio_map_outb_region(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u64 rbase, u32 size, u32 rflags, dma_addr_t *local)
  • Map outbound memory region.

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port.

u16 destid

destination id window points to

u64 rbase

RIO base address window translates to

u32 size

Size of the memory region

u32 rflags

Flags for mapping.

dma_addr_t * local

physical address of memory region mapped

Return

0 – Success.

Description

This function will create the mapping from RIO space to local memory.

void rio_unmap_outb_region(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u64 rstart)
  • Unmap the inbound memory region

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port

u16 destid

destination id mapping points to

u64 rstart

RIO base address window translates to

u32 rio_mport_get_physefb(struct rio_mport *port, int local, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u32 *rmap)

Helper function that returns register offset for Physical Layer Extended Features Block.

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to issue transaction

int local

Indicate a local master port or remote device access

u16 destid

Destination ID of the device

u8 hopcount

Number of switch hops to the device

u32 * rmap

pointer to location to store register map type info

struct rio_dev *rio_get_comptag(u32 comp_tag, struct rio_dev *from)

Begin or continue searching for a RIO device by component tag

Parameters

u32 comp_tag

RIO component tag to match

struct rio_dev * from

Previous RIO device found in search, or NULL for new search

Description

Iterates through the list of known RIO devices. If a RIO device is found with a matching comp_tag, a pointer to its device structure is returned. Otherwise, NULL is returned. A new search is initiated by passing NULL to the from argument. Otherwise, if from is not NULL, searches continue from next device on the global list.

int rio_set_port_lockout(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 pnum, int lock)

Sets/clears LOCKOUT bit (RIO EM 1.3) for a switch port.

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

Pointer to RIO device control structure

u32 pnum

Switch port number to set LOCKOUT bit

int lock

Operation : set (=1) or clear (=0)

int rio_enable_rx_tx_port(struct rio_mport *port, int local, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u8 port_num)

enable input receiver and output transmitter of given port

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port associated with the RIO network

int local

local=1 select local port otherwise a far device is reached

u16 destid

Destination ID of the device to check host bit

u8 hopcount

Number of hops to reach the target

u8 port_num

Port (-number on switch) to enable on a far end device

Description

Returns 0 or 1 from on General Control Command and Status Register (EXT_PTR+0x3C)

int rio_mport_chk_dev_access(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount)

Validate access to the specified device.

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port to send transactions

u16 destid

Device destination ID in network

u8 hopcount

Number of hops into the network

int rio_inb_pwrite_handler(struct rio_mport *mport, union rio_pw_msg *pw_msg)

inbound port-write message handler

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

mport device associated with port-write

union rio_pw_msg * pw_msg

pointer to inbound port-write message

Description

Processes an inbound port-write message. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

u32 rio_mport_get_efb(struct rio_mport *port, int local, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u32 from)

get pointer to next extended features block

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to issue transaction

int local

Indicate a local master port or remote device access

u16 destid

Destination ID of the device

u8 hopcount

Number of switch hops to the device

u32 from

Offset of current Extended Feature block header (if 0 starts from ExtFeaturePtr)

u32 rio_mport_get_feature(struct rio_mport *port, int local, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, int ftr)

query for devices’ extended features

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to issue transaction

int local

Indicate a local master port or remote device access

u16 destid

Destination ID of the device

u8 hopcount

Number of switch hops to the device

int ftr

Extended feature code

Description

Tell if a device supports a given RapidIO capability. Returns the offset of the requested extended feature block within the device’s RIO configuration space or 0 in case the device does not support it.

struct rio_dev *rio_get_asm(u16 vid, u16 did, u16 asm_vid, u16 asm_did, struct rio_dev *from)

Begin or continue searching for a RIO device by vid/did/asm_vid/asm_did

Parameters

u16 vid

RIO vid to match or RIO_ANY_ID to match all vids

u16 did

RIO did to match or RIO_ANY_ID to match all dids

u16 asm_vid

RIO asm_vid to match or RIO_ANY_ID to match all asm_vids

u16 asm_did

RIO asm_did to match or RIO_ANY_ID to match all asm_dids

struct rio_dev * from

Previous RIO device found in search, or NULL for new search

Description

Iterates through the list of known RIO devices. If a RIO device is found with a matching vid, did, asm_vid, asm_did, the reference count to the device is incrememted and a pointer to its device structure is returned. Otherwise, NULL is returned. A new search is initiated by passing NULL to the from argument. Otherwise, if from is not NULL, searches continue from next device on the global list. The reference count for from is always decremented if it is not NULL.

struct rio_dev *rio_get_device(u16 vid, u16 did, struct rio_dev *from)

Begin or continue searching for a RIO device by vid/did

Parameters

u16 vid

RIO vid to match or RIO_ANY_ID to match all vids

u16 did

RIO did to match or RIO_ANY_ID to match all dids

struct rio_dev * from

Previous RIO device found in search, or NULL for new search

Description

Iterates through the list of known RIO devices. If a RIO device is found with a matching vid and did, the reference count to the device is incrememted and a pointer to its device structure is returned. Otherwise, NULL is returned. A new search is initiated by passing NULL to the from argument. Otherwise, if from is not NULL, searches continue from next device on the global list. The reference count for from is always decremented if it is not NULL.

int rio_lock_device(struct rio_mport *port, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, int wait_ms)

Acquires host device lock for specified device

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to send transaction

u16 destid

Destination ID for device/switch

u8 hopcount

Hopcount to reach switch

int wait_ms

Max wait time in msec (0 = no timeout)

Description

Attepts to acquire host device lock for specified device Returns 0 if device lock acquired or EINVAL if timeout expires.

int rio_unlock_device(struct rio_mport *port, u16 destid, u8 hopcount)

Releases host device lock for specified device

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to send transaction

u16 destid

Destination ID for device/switch

u8 hopcount

Hopcount to reach switch

Description

Returns 0 if device lock released or EINVAL if fails.

int rio_route_add_entry(struct rio_dev *rdev, u16 table, u16 route_destid, u8 route_port, int lock)

Add a route entry to a switch routing table

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u16 table

Routing table ID

u16 route_destid

Destination ID to be routed

u8 route_port

Port number to be routed

int lock

apply a hardware lock on switch device flag (1=lock, 0=no_lock)

Description

If available calls the switch specific add_entry() method to add a route entry into a switch routing table. Otherwise uses standard RT update method as defined by RapidIO specification. A specific routing table can be selected using the table argument if a switch has per port routing tables or the standard (or global) table may be used by passing RIO_GLOBAL_TABLE in table.

Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

int rio_route_get_entry(struct rio_dev *rdev, u16 table, u16 route_destid, u8 *route_port, int lock)

Read an entry from a switch routing table

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u16 table

Routing table ID

u16 route_destid

Destination ID to be routed

u8 * route_port

Pointer to read port number into

int lock

apply a hardware lock on switch device flag (1=lock, 0=no_lock)

Description

If available calls the switch specific get_entry() method to fetch a route entry from a switch routing table. Otherwise uses standard RT read method as defined by RapidIO specification. A specific routing table can be selected using the table argument if a switch has per port routing tables or the standard (or global) table may be used by passing RIO_GLOBAL_TABLE in table.

Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

int rio_route_clr_table(struct rio_dev *rdev, u16 table, int lock)

Clear a switch routing table

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

u16 table

Routing table ID

int lock

apply a hardware lock on switch device flag (1=lock, 0=no_lock)

Description

If available calls the switch specific clr_table() method to clear a switch routing table. Otherwise uses standard RT write method as defined by RapidIO specification. A specific routing table can be selected using the table argument if a switch has per port routing tables or the standard (or global) table may be used by passing RIO_GLOBAL_TABLE in table.

Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

struct dma_chan *rio_request_mport_dma(struct rio_mport *mport)

request RapidIO capable DMA channel associated with specified local RapidIO mport device.

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO mport to perform DMA data transfers

Description

Returns pointer to allocated DMA channel or NULL if failed.

struct dma_chan *rio_request_dma(struct rio_dev *rdev)

request RapidIO capable DMA channel that supports specified target RapidIO device.

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device associated with DMA transfer

Description

Returns pointer to allocated DMA channel or NULL if failed.

void rio_release_dma(struct dma_chan *dchan)

release specified DMA channel

Parameters

struct dma_chan * dchan

DMA channel to release

struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *rio_dma_prep_xfer(struct dma_chan *dchan, u16 destid, struct rio_dma_data *data, enum dma_transfer_direction direction, unsigned long flags)

RapidIO specific wrapper for device_prep_slave_sg callback defined by DMAENGINE.

Parameters

struct dma_chan * dchan

DMA channel to configure

u16 destid

target RapidIO device destination ID

struct rio_dma_data * data

RIO specific data descriptor

enum dma_transfer_direction direction

DMA data transfer direction (TO or FROM the device)

unsigned long flags

dmaengine defined flags

Description

Initializes RapidIO capable DMA channel for the specified data transfer. Uses DMA channel private extension to pass information related to remote target RIO device.

Return

pointer to DMA transaction descriptor if successful,

error-valued pointer or NULL if failed.

struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *rio_dma_prep_slave_sg(struct rio_dev *rdev, struct dma_chan *dchan, struct rio_dma_data *data, enum dma_transfer_direction direction, unsigned long flags)

RapidIO specific wrapper for device_prep_slave_sg callback defined by DMAENGINE.

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device control structure

struct dma_chan * dchan

DMA channel to configure

struct rio_dma_data * data

RIO specific data descriptor

enum dma_transfer_direction direction

DMA data transfer direction (TO or FROM the device)

unsigned long flags

dmaengine defined flags

Description

Initializes RapidIO capable DMA channel for the specified data transfer. Uses DMA channel private extension to pass information related to remote target RIO device.

Return

pointer to DMA transaction descriptor if successful,

error-valued pointer or NULL if failed.

int rio_register_scan(int mport_id, struct rio_scan *scan_ops)

enumeration/discovery method registration interface

Parameters

int mport_id

mport device ID for which fabric scan routine has to be set (RIO_MPORT_ANY = set for all available mports)

struct rio_scan * scan_ops

enumeration/discovery operations structure

Description

Registers enumeration/discovery operations with RapidIO subsystem and attaches it to the specified mport device (or all available mports if RIO_MPORT_ANY is specified).

Returns error if the mport already has an enumerator attached to it. In case of RIO_MPORT_ANY skips mports with valid scan routines (no error).

int rio_unregister_scan(int mport_id, struct rio_scan *scan_ops)

removes enumeration/discovery method from mport

Parameters

int mport_id

mport device ID for which fabric scan routine has to be unregistered (RIO_MPORT_ANY = apply to all mports that use the specified scan_ops)

struct rio_scan * scan_ops

enumeration/discovery operations structure

Description

Removes enumeration or discovery method assigned to the specified mport device. If RIO_MPORT_ANY is specified, removes the specified operations from all mports that have them attached.

Internals

This chapter contains the autogenerated documentation of the RapidIO subsystem.

Structures

struct rio_switch

RIO switch info

Definition

struct rio_switch {
  struct list_head node;
  u8 *route_table;
  u32 port_ok;
  struct rio_switch_ops *ops;
  spinlock_t lock;
  struct rio_dev *nextdev[];
};

Members

node

Node in global list of switches

route_table

Copy of switch routing table

port_ok

Status of each port (one bit per port) - OK=1 or UNINIT=0

ops

pointer to switch-specific operations

lock

lock to serialize operations updates

nextdev

Array of per-port pointers to the next attached device

struct rio_switch_ops

Per-switch operations

Definition

struct rio_switch_ops {
  struct module *owner;
  int (*add_entry) (struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u16 table, u16 route_destid, u8 route_port);
  int (*get_entry) (struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u16 table, u16 route_destid, u8 *route_port);
  int (*clr_table) (struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u16 table);
  int (*set_domain) (struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u8 sw_domain);
  int (*get_domain) (struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u8 *sw_domain);
  int (*em_init) (struct rio_dev *dev);
  int (*em_handle) (struct rio_dev *dev, u8 swport);
};

Members

owner

The module owner of this structure

add_entry

Callback for switch-specific route add function

get_entry

Callback for switch-specific route get function

clr_table

Callback for switch-specific clear route table function

set_domain

Callback for switch-specific domain setting function

get_domain

Callback for switch-specific domain get function

em_init

Callback for switch-specific error management init function

em_handle

Callback for switch-specific error management handler function

Description

Defines the operations that are necessary to initialize/control a particular RIO switch device.

struct rio_dev

RIO device info

Definition

struct rio_dev {
  struct list_head global_list;
  struct list_head net_list;
  struct rio_net *net;
  bool do_enum;
  u16 did;
  u16 vid;
  u32 device_rev;
  u16 asm_did;
  u16 asm_vid;
  u16 asm_rev;
  u16 efptr;
  u32 pef;
  u32 swpinfo;
  u32 src_ops;
  u32 dst_ops;
  u32 comp_tag;
  u32 phys_efptr;
  u32 phys_rmap;
  u32 em_efptr;
  u64 dma_mask;
  struct rio_driver *driver;
  struct device dev;
  struct resource riores[RIO_MAX_DEV_RESOURCES];
  int (*pwcback) (struct rio_dev *rdev, union rio_pw_msg *msg, int step);
  u16 destid;
  u8 hopcount;
  struct rio_dev *prev;
  atomic_t state;
  struct rio_switch rswitch[];
};

Members

global_list

Node in list of all RIO devices

net_list

Node in list of RIO devices in a network

net

Network this device is a part of

do_enum

Enumeration flag

did

Device ID

vid

Vendor ID

device_rev

Device revision

asm_did

Assembly device ID

asm_vid

Assembly vendor ID

asm_rev

Assembly revision

efptr

Extended feature pointer

pef

Processing element features

swpinfo

Switch port info

src_ops

Source operation capabilities

dst_ops

Destination operation capabilities

comp_tag

RIO component tag

phys_efptr

RIO device extended features pointer

phys_rmap

LP-Serial Register Map Type (1 or 2)

em_efptr

RIO Error Management features pointer

dma_mask

Mask of bits of RIO address this device implements

driver

Driver claiming this device

dev

Device model device

riores

RIO resources this device owns

pwcback

port-write callback function for this device

destid

Network destination ID (or associated destid for switch)

hopcount

Hopcount to this device

prev

Previous RIO device connected to the current one

state

device state

rswitch

struct rio_switch (if valid for this device)

struct rio_msg

RIO message event

Definition

struct rio_msg {
  struct resource *res;
  void (*mcback) (struct rio_mport * mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int slot);
};

Members

res

Mailbox resource

mcback

Message event callback

struct rio_dbell

RIO doorbell event

Definition

struct rio_dbell {
  struct list_head node;
  struct resource *res;
  void (*dinb) (struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, u16 src, u16 dst, u16 info);
  void *dev_id;
};

Members

node

Node in list of doorbell events

res

Doorbell resource

dinb

Doorbell event callback

dev_id

Device specific pointer to pass on event

struct rio_mport

RIO master port info

Definition

struct rio_mport {
  struct list_head dbells;
  struct list_head pwrites;
  struct list_head node;
  struct list_head nnode;
  struct rio_net *net;
  struct mutex lock;
  struct resource iores;
  struct resource riores[RIO_MAX_MPORT_RESOURCES];
  struct rio_msg inb_msg[RIO_MAX_MBOX];
  struct rio_msg outb_msg[RIO_MAX_MBOX];
  int host_deviceid;
  struct rio_ops *ops;
  unsigned char id;
  unsigned char index;
  unsigned int sys_size;
  u32 phys_efptr;
  u32 phys_rmap;
  unsigned char name[RIO_MAX_MPORT_NAME];
  struct device dev;
  void *priv;
#ifdef CONFIG_RAPIDIO_DMA_ENGINE;
  struct dma_device       dma;
#endif;
  struct rio_scan *nscan;
  atomic_t state;
  unsigned int pwe_refcnt;
};

Members

dbells

List of doorbell events

pwrites

List of portwrite events

node

Node in global list of master ports

nnode

Node in network list of master ports

net

RIO net this mport is attached to

lock

lock to synchronize lists manipulations

iores

I/O mem resource that this master port interface owns

riores

RIO resources that this master port interfaces owns

inb_msg

RIO inbound message event descriptors

outb_msg

RIO outbound message event descriptors

host_deviceid

Host device ID associated with this master port

ops

configuration space functions

id

Port ID, unique among all ports

index

Port index, unique among all port interfaces of the same type

sys_size

RapidIO common transport system size

phys_efptr

RIO port extended features pointer

phys_rmap

LP-Serial EFB Register Mapping type (1 or 2).

name

Port name string

dev

device structure associated with an mport

priv

Master port private data

dma

DMA device associated with mport

nscan

RapidIO network enumeration/discovery operations

state

mport device state

pwe_refcnt

port-write enable ref counter to track enable/disable requests

struct rio_net

RIO network info

Definition

struct rio_net {
  struct list_head node;
  struct list_head devices;
  struct list_head switches;
  struct list_head mports;
  struct rio_mport *hport;
  unsigned char id;
  struct device dev;
  void *enum_data;
  void (*release)(struct rio_net *net);
};

Members

node

Node in global list of RIO networks

devices

List of devices in this network

switches

List of switches in this network

mports

List of master ports accessing this network

hport

Default port for accessing this network

id

RIO network ID

dev

Device object

enum_data

private data specific to a network enumerator

release

enumerator-specific release callback

struct rio_mport_attr

RIO mport device attributes

Definition

struct rio_mport_attr {
  int flags;
  int link_speed;
  int link_width;
  int dma_max_sge;
  int dma_max_size;
  int dma_align;
};

Members

flags

mport device capability flags

link_speed

SRIO link speed value (as defined by RapidIO specification)

link_width

SRIO link width value (as defined by RapidIO specification)

dma_max_sge

number of SG list entries that can be handled by DMA channel(s)

dma_max_size

max number of bytes in single DMA transfer (SG entry)

dma_align

alignment shift for DMA operations (as for other DMA operations)

struct rio_ops

Low-level RIO configuration space operations

Definition

struct rio_ops {
  int (*lcread) (struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u32 offset, int len, u32 *data);
  int (*lcwrite) (struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u32 offset, int len, u32 data);
  int (*cread) (struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u32 offset, int len, u32 *data);
  int (*cwrite) (struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u32 offset, int len, u32 data);
  int (*dsend) (struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u16 destid, u16 data);
  int (*pwenable) (struct rio_mport *mport, int enable);
  int (*open_outb_mbox)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int entries);
  void (*close_outb_mbox)(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox);
  int (*open_inb_mbox)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, int mbox, int entries);
  void (*close_inb_mbox)(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox);
  int (*add_outb_message)(struct rio_mport *mport, struct rio_dev *rdev, int mbox, void *buffer, size_t len);
  int (*add_inb_buffer)(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox, void *buf);
  void *(*get_inb_message)(struct rio_mport *mport, int mbox);
  int (*map_inb)(struct rio_mport *mport, dma_addr_t lstart, u64 rstart, u64 size, u32 flags);
  void (*unmap_inb)(struct rio_mport *mport, dma_addr_t lstart);
  int (*query_mport)(struct rio_mport *mport, struct rio_mport_attr *attr);
  int (*map_outb)(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u64 rstart, u32 size, u32 flags, dma_addr_t *laddr);
  void (*unmap_outb)(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u64 rstart);
};

Members

lcread

Callback to perform local (master port) read of config space.

lcwrite

Callback to perform local (master port) write of config space.

cread

Callback to perform network read of config space.

cwrite

Callback to perform network write of config space.

dsend

Callback to send a doorbell message.

pwenable

Callback to enable/disable port-write message handling.

open_outb_mbox

Callback to initialize outbound mailbox.

close_outb_mbox

Callback to shut down outbound mailbox.

open_inb_mbox

Callback to initialize inbound mailbox.

close_inb_mbox

Callback to shut down inbound mailbox.

add_outb_message

Callback to add a message to an outbound mailbox queue.

add_inb_buffer

Callback to add a buffer to an inbound mailbox queue.

get_inb_message

Callback to get a message from an inbound mailbox queue.

map_inb

Callback to map RapidIO address region into local memory space.

unmap_inb

Callback to unmap RapidIO address region mapped with map_inb().

query_mport

Callback to query mport device attributes.

map_outb

Callback to map outbound address region into local memory space.

unmap_outb

Callback to unmap outbound RapidIO address region.

struct rio_driver

RIO driver info

Definition

struct rio_driver {
  struct list_head node;
  char *name;
  const struct rio_device_id *id_table;
  int (*probe) (struct rio_dev * dev, const struct rio_device_id * id);
  void (*remove) (struct rio_dev * dev);
  void (*shutdown)(struct rio_dev *dev);
  int (*suspend) (struct rio_dev * dev, u32 state);
  int (*resume) (struct rio_dev * dev);
  int (*enable_wake) (struct rio_dev * dev, u32 state, int enable);
  struct device_driver driver;
};

Members

node

Node in list of drivers

name

RIO driver name

id_table

RIO device ids to be associated with this driver

probe

RIO device inserted

remove

RIO device removed

shutdown

shutdown notification callback

suspend

RIO device suspended

resume

RIO device awakened

enable_wake

RIO device enable wake event

driver

LDM driver struct

Description

Provides info on a RIO device driver for insertion/removal and power management purposes.

struct rio_scan

RIO enumeration and discovery operations

Definition

struct rio_scan {
  struct module *owner;
  int (*enumerate)(struct rio_mport *mport, u32 flags);
  int (*discover)(struct rio_mport *mport, u32 flags);
};

Members

owner

The module owner of this structure

enumerate

Callback to perform RapidIO fabric enumeration.

discover

Callback to perform RapidIO fabric discovery.

struct rio_scan_node

list node to register RapidIO enumeration and discovery methods with RapidIO core.

Definition

struct rio_scan_node {
  int mport_id;
  struct list_head node;
  struct rio_scan *ops;
};

Members

mport_id

ID of an mport (net) serviced by this enumerator

node

node in global list of registered enumerators

ops

RIO enumeration and discovery operations

Enumeration and Discovery

u16 rio_destid_alloc(struct rio_net *net)

Allocate next available destID for given network

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network

Description

Returns next available device destination ID for the specified RIO network. Marks allocated ID as one in use. Returns RIO_INVALID_DESTID if new destID is not available.

int rio_destid_reserve(struct rio_net *net, u16 destid)

Reserve the specified destID

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network

u16 destid

destID to reserve

Description

Tries to reserve the specified destID. Returns 0 if successful.

void rio_destid_free(struct rio_net *net, u16 destid)

free a previously allocated destID

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network

u16 destid

destID to free

Description

Makes the specified destID available for use.

u16 rio_destid_first(struct rio_net *net)

return first destID in use

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network

u16 rio_destid_next(struct rio_net *net, u16 from)

return next destID in use

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network

u16 from

destination ID from which search shall continue

u16 rio_get_device_id(struct rio_mport *port, u16 destid, u8 hopcount)

Get the base/extended device id for a device

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

RIO master port

u16 destid

Destination ID of device

u8 hopcount

Hopcount to device

Description

Reads the base/extended device id from a device. Returns the 8/16-bit device ID.

void rio_set_device_id(struct rio_mport *port, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u16 did)

Set the base/extended device id for a device

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

RIO master port

u16 destid

Destination ID of device

u8 hopcount

Hopcount to device

u16 did

Device ID value to be written

Description

Writes the base/extended device id from a device.

int rio_clear_locks(struct rio_net *net)

Release all host locks and signal enumeration complete

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network to run on

Description

Marks the component tag CSR on each device with the enumeration complete flag. When complete, it then release the host locks on each device. Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

int rio_enum_host(struct rio_mport *port)

Set host lock and initialize host destination ID

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to issue transaction

Description

Sets the local host master port lock and destination ID register with the host device ID value. The host device ID value is provided by the platform. Returns 0 on success or -1 on failure.

int rio_device_has_destid(struct rio_mport *port, int src_ops, int dst_ops)

Test if a device contains a destination ID register

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to issue transaction

int src_ops

RIO device source operations

int dst_ops

RIO device destination operations

Description

Checks the provided src_ops and dst_ops for the necessary transaction capabilities that indicate whether or not a device will implement a destination ID register. Returns 1 if true or 0 if false.

void rio_release_dev(struct device *dev)

Frees a RIO device struct

Parameters

struct device * dev

LDM device associated with a RIO device struct

Description

Gets the RIO device struct associated a RIO device struct. The RIO device struct is freed.

int rio_is_switch(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Tests if a RIO device has switch capabilities

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

Description

Gets the RIO device Processing Element Features register contents and tests for switch capabilities. Returns 1 if the device is a switch or 0 if it is not a switch. The RIO device struct is freed.

struct rio_dev *rio_setup_device(struct rio_net *net, struct rio_mport *port, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, int do_enum)

Allocates and sets up a RIO device

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to send transactions

u16 destid

Current destination ID

u8 hopcount

Current hopcount

int do_enum

Enumeration/Discovery mode flag

Description

Allocates a RIO device and configures fields based on configuration space contents. If device has a destination ID register, a destination ID is either assigned in enumeration mode or read from configuration space in discovery mode. If the device has switch capabilities, then a switch is allocated and configured appropriately. Returns a pointer to a RIO device on success or NULL on failure.

int rio_sport_is_active(struct rio_dev *rdev, int sp)

Tests if a switch port has an active connection.

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RapidIO device object

int sp

Switch port number

Description

Reads the port error status CSR for a particular switch port to determine if the port has an active link. Returns RIO_PORT_N_ERR_STS_PORT_OK if the port is active or 0 if it is inactive.

u16 rio_get_host_deviceid_lock(struct rio_mport *port, u8 hopcount)

Reads the Host Device ID Lock CSR on a device

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to send transaction

u8 hopcount

Number of hops to the device

Description

Used during enumeration to read the Host Device ID Lock CSR on a RIO device. Returns the value of the lock register.

int rio_enum_peer(struct rio_net *net, struct rio_mport *port, u8 hopcount, struct rio_dev *prev, int prev_port)

Recursively enumerate a RIO network through a master port

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network being enumerated

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to send transactions

u8 hopcount

Number of hops into the network

struct rio_dev * prev

Previous RIO device connected to the enumerated one

int prev_port

Port on previous RIO device

Description

Recursively enumerates a RIO network. Transactions are sent via the master port passed in port.

int rio_enum_complete(struct rio_mport *port)

Tests if enumeration of a network is complete

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to send transaction

Description

Tests the PGCCSR discovered bit for non-zero value (enumeration complete flag). Return 1 if enumeration is complete or 0 if enumeration is incomplete.

int rio_disc_peer(struct rio_net *net, struct rio_mport *port, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, struct rio_dev *prev, int prev_port)

Recursively discovers a RIO network through a master port

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network being discovered

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to send transactions

u16 destid

Current destination ID in network

u8 hopcount

Number of hops into the network

struct rio_dev * prev

previous rio_dev

int prev_port

previous port number

Description

Recursively discovers a RIO network. Transactions are sent via the master port passed in port.

int rio_mport_is_active(struct rio_mport *port)

Tests if master port link is active

Parameters

struct rio_mport * port

Master port to test

Description

Reads the port error status CSR for the master port to determine if the port has an active link. Returns RIO_PORT_N_ERR_STS_PORT_OK if the master port is active or 0 if it is inactive.

void rio_update_route_tables(struct rio_net *net)

Updates route tables in switches

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network to run update on

Description

For each enumerated device, ensure that each switch in a system has correct routing entries. Add routes for devices that where unknown during the first enumeration pass through the switch.

void rio_init_em(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Initializes RIO Error Management (for switches)

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device

Description

For each enumerated switch, call device-specific error management initialization routine (if supplied by the switch driver).

int rio_enum_mport(struct rio_mport *mport, u32 flags)

Start enumeration through a master port

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port to send transactions

u32 flags

Enumeration control flags

Description

Starts the enumeration process. If somebody has enumerated our master port device, then give up. If not and we have an active link, then start recursive peer enumeration. Returns 0 if enumeration succeeds or -EBUSY if enumeration fails.

void rio_build_route_tables(struct rio_net *net)

Generate route tables from switch route entries

Parameters

struct rio_net * net

RIO network to run route tables scan on

Description

For each switch device, generate a route table by copying existing route entries from the switch.

int rio_disc_mport(struct rio_mport *mport, u32 flags)

Start discovery through a master port

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port to send transactions

u32 flags

discovery control flags

Description

Starts the discovery process. If we have an active link, then wait for the signal that enumeration is complete (if wait is allowed). When enumeration completion is signaled, start recursive peer discovery. Returns 0 if discovery succeeds or -EBUSY on failure.

int rio_basic_attach(void)

Parameters

void

no arguments

Description

When this enumeration/discovery method is loaded as a module this function registers its specific enumeration and discover routines for all available RapidIO mport devices. The “scan” command line parameter controls ability of the module to start RapidIO enumeration/discovery automatically.

Returns 0 for success or -EIO if unable to register itself.

This enumeration/discovery method cannot be unloaded and therefore does not provide a matching cleanup_module routine.

Driver functionality

int rio_setup_inb_dbell(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, struct resource *res, void (*dinb)(struct rio_mport *mport, void *dev_id, u16 src, u16 dst, u16 info))

bind inbound doorbell callback

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RIO master port to bind the doorbell callback

void * dev_id

Device specific pointer to pass on event

struct resource * res

Doorbell message resource

void (*) (struct rio_mport * mport, void *dev_id, u16 src, u16 dst, u16 info) dinb

Callback to execute when doorbell is received

Description

Adds a doorbell resource/callback pair into a port’s doorbell event list. Returns 0 if the request has been satisfied.

int rio_chk_dev_route(struct rio_dev *rdev, struct rio_dev **nrdev, int *npnum)

Validate route to the specified device.

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO device failed to respond

struct rio_dev ** nrdev

Last active device on the route to rdev

int * npnum

nrdev’s port number on the route to rdev

Description

Follows a route to the specified RIO device to determine the last available device (and corresponding RIO port) on the route.

int rio_chk_dev_access(struct rio_dev *rdev)

Validate access to the specified device.

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

Pointer to RIO device control structure

int rio_get_input_status(struct rio_dev *rdev, int pnum, u32 *lnkresp)

Sends a Link-Request/Input-Status control symbol and returns link-response (if requested).

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

RIO devive to issue Input-status command

int pnum

Device port number to issue the command

u32 * lnkresp

Response from a link partner

int rio_clr_err_stopped(struct rio_dev *rdev, u32 pnum, u32 err_status)

Clears port Error-stopped states.

Parameters

struct rio_dev * rdev

Pointer to RIO device control structure

u32 pnum

Switch port number to clear errors

u32 err_status

port error status (if 0 reads register from device)

Description

TODO: Currently this routine is not compatible with recovery process specified for idt_gen3 RapidIO switch devices. It has to be reviewed to implement universal recovery process that is compatible full range off available devices. IDT gen3 switch driver now implements HW-specific error handler that issues soft port reset to the port to reset ERR_STOP bits and ackIDs.

int rio_std_route_add_entry(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u16 table, u16 route_destid, u8 route_port)

Add switch route table entry using standard registers defined in RIO specification rev.1.3

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port to issue transaction

u16 destid

Destination ID of the device

u8 hopcount

Number of switch hops to the device

u16 table

routing table ID (global or port-specific)

u16 route_destid

destID entry in the RT

u8 route_port

destination port for specified destID

int rio_std_route_get_entry(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u16 table, u16 route_destid, u8 *route_port)

Read switch route table entry (port number) associated with specified destID using standard registers defined in RIO specification rev.1.3

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port to issue transaction

u16 destid

Destination ID of the device

u8 hopcount

Number of switch hops to the device

u16 table

routing table ID (global or port-specific)

u16 route_destid

destID entry in the RT

u8 * route_port

returned destination port for specified destID

int rio_std_route_clr_table(struct rio_mport *mport, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u16 table)

Clear swotch route table using standard registers defined in RIO specification rev.1.3.

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

Master port to issue transaction

u16 destid

Destination ID of the device

u8 hopcount

Number of switch hops to the device

u16 table

routing table ID (global or port-specific)

struct rio_mport *rio_find_mport(int mport_id)

find RIO mport by its ID

Parameters

int mport_id

number (ID) of mport device

Description

Given a RIO mport number, the desired mport is located in the global list of mports. If the mport is found, a pointer to its data structure is returned. If no mport is found, NULL is returned.

int rio_mport_scan(int mport_id)

execute enumeration/discovery on the specified mport

Parameters

int mport_id

number (ID) of mport device

RIO_LOP_READ ( size, type, len)

Generate rio_local_read_config_* functions

Parameters

size

Size of configuration space read (8, 16, 32 bits)

type

C type of value argument

len

Length of configuration space read (1, 2, 4 bytes)

Description

Generates rio_local_read_config_* functions used to access configuration space registers on the local device.

RIO_LOP_WRITE ( size, type, len)

Generate rio_local_write_config_* functions

Parameters

size

Size of configuration space write (8, 16, 32 bits)

type

C type of value argument

len

Length of configuration space write (1, 2, 4 bytes)

Description

Generates rio_local_write_config_* functions used to access configuration space registers on the local device.

RIO_OP_READ ( size, type, len)

Generate rio_mport_read_config_* functions

Parameters

size

Size of configuration space read (8, 16, 32 bits)

type

C type of value argument

len

Length of configuration space read (1, 2, 4 bytes)

Description

Generates rio_mport_read_config_* functions used to access configuration space registers on the local device.

RIO_OP_WRITE ( size, type, len)

Generate rio_mport_write_config_* functions

Parameters

size

Size of configuration space write (8, 16, 32 bits)

type

C type of value argument

len

Length of configuration space write (1, 2, 4 bytes)

Description

Generates rio_mport_write_config_* functions used to access configuration space registers on the local device.

Device model support

const struct rio_device_id *rio_match_device(const struct rio_device_id *id, const struct rio_dev *rdev)

Tell if a RIO device has a matching RIO device id structure

Parameters

const struct rio_device_id * id

the RIO device id structure to match against

const struct rio_dev * rdev

the RIO device structure to match against

Used from driver probe and bus matching to check whether a RIO device matches a device id structure provided by a RIO driver. Returns the matching struct rio_device_id or NULL if there is no match.

int rio_device_probe(struct device *dev)

Tell if a RIO device structure has a matching RIO device id structure

Parameters

struct device * dev

the RIO device structure to match against

Description

return 0 and set rio_dev->driver when drv claims rio_dev, else error

int rio_device_remove(struct device *dev)

Remove a RIO device from the system

Parameters

struct device * dev

the RIO device structure to match against

Description

Remove a RIO device from the system. If it has an associated driver, then run the driver remove() method. Then update the reference count.

int rio_match_bus(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)

Tell if a RIO device structure has a matching RIO driver device id structure

Parameters

struct device * dev

the standard device structure to match against

struct device_driver * drv

the standard driver structure containing the ids to match against

Used by a driver to check whether a RIO device present in the system is in its list of supported devices. Returns 1 if there is a matching struct rio_device_id or 0 if there is no match.

int rio_bus_init(void)

Register the RapidIO bus with the device model

Parameters

void

no arguments

Description

Registers the RIO mport device class and RIO bus type with the Linux device model.

PPC32 support

int fsl_local_config_read(struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u32 offset, int len, u32 *data)

Generate a MPC85xx local config space read

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RapidIO master port info

int index

ID of RapdiIO interface

u32 offset

Offset into configuration space

int len

Length (in bytes) of the maintenance transaction

u32 * data

Value to be read into

Description

Generates a MPC85xx local configuration space read. Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

int fsl_local_config_write(struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u32 offset, int len, u32 data)

Generate a MPC85xx local config space write

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RapidIO master port info

int index

ID of RapdiIO interface

u32 offset

Offset into configuration space

int len

Length (in bytes) of the maintenance transaction

u32 data

Value to be written

Description

Generates a MPC85xx local configuration space write. Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

int fsl_rio_config_read(struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u32 offset, int len, u32 *val)

Generate a MPC85xx read maintenance transaction

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RapidIO master port info

int index

ID of RapdiIO interface

u16 destid

Destination ID of transaction

u8 hopcount

Number of hops to target device

u32 offset

Offset into configuration space

int len

Length (in bytes) of the maintenance transaction

u32 * val

Location to be read into

Description

Generates a MPC85xx read maintenance transaction. Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

int fsl_rio_config_write(struct rio_mport *mport, int index, u16 destid, u8 hopcount, u32 offset, int len, u32 val)

Generate a MPC85xx write maintenance transaction

Parameters

struct rio_mport * mport

RapidIO master port info

int index

ID of RapdiIO interface

u16 destid

Destination ID of transaction

u8 hopcount

Number of hops to target device

u32 offset

Offset into configuration space

int len

Length (in bytes) of the maintenance transaction

u32 val

Value to be written

Description

Generates an MPC85xx write maintenance transaction. Returns 0 on success or -EINVAL on failure.

int fsl_rio_setup(struct platform_device *dev)

Setup Freescale PowerPC RapidIO interface

Parameters

struct platform_device * dev

platform_device pointer

Description

Initializes MPC85xx RapidIO hardware interface, configures master port with system-specific info, and registers the master port with the RapidIO subsystem.

Credits

The following people have contributed to the RapidIO subsystem directly or indirectly:

  1. Matt Portermporter@kernel.crashing.org

  2. Randy Vinsonrvinson@mvista.com

  3. Dan Malekdan@embeddedalley.com

The following people have contributed to this document:

  1. Matt Portermporter@kernel.crashing.org