QML Applications

QML is a declarative language that allows user interfaces to be described in terms of their visual components and how they interact and relate with one another. It is a highly readable language that was designed to enable components to be interconnected in a dynamic manner, and it allows components to be easily reused and customized within a user interface. Using the QtQuick module, designers and developers can easily build fluid animated user interfaces in QML, and have the option of connecting these user interfaces to any back-end C++ libraries.

What is QML?

QML is a user interface specification and programming language. It allows developers and designers alike to create highly performant, fluidly animated and visually appealing applications. QML offers a highly readable, declarative, JSON-like syntax with support for imperative JavaScript expressions combined with dynamic property bindings.

 import QtQuick 2.0
 import QtQuick.Controls 2.0

 ApplicationWindow {
     width: 400
     height: 400
     visible: true

     Button {
         id: button
         text: "A Special Button"
         background: Rectangle {
             implicitWidth: 100
             implicitHeight: 40
             color: button.down ? "#d6d6d6" : "#f6f6f6"
             border.color: "#26282a"
             border.width: 1
             radius: 4
         }
     }
 }

The QML language and engine infrastructure is provided by the Qt QML module. For in-depth information about the QML language, please see the Qt QML module documentation.

The following pages contain more information about QML:

What is Qt Quick?

Qt Quick is the standard library of QML types and functionality for QML. It includes visual types, interactive types, animations, models and views, particle effects and shader effects. A QML application developer can get access to all of that functionality with a single import statement.

The QtQuick QML library is provided by the Qt Quick module. For in-depth information about the various QML types and other functionality provided by Qt Quick, please see the Qt Quick module documentation. Qt Quick adds visual types, animation types, and other QML types in addition to the standard QML types from Qt QML.

Buttons, Menus, and other Controls

For a set of UI controls, the Qt Quick Controls module implements several controls such as buttons, menus, and views. These controls come with several built-in styles that can be used, and also support the creation of custom styles.

Qt Quick Projects

Qt Creator sets up project environments for the following types of Qt Quick applications:

  • Scroll - scroll-based navigation
  • Stack - stack-based navigation
  • Swipe - page-based application with swipe navigation
  • Python - Qt for Python projects can have QML UIs and have Qt Creator support

For more information about Qt Quick applications, visit the following pages:

Code Samples and Demos

To learn more about uses of QML code, there are several code samples which show how QML types are used. In addition, there are several demos which show how QML code is used in applications.

Advanced Application Development Topics